Mary’s medical history

A prayer for the safe delivery of a woman with child from Mary’s personal prayer-book.


R.R. James, ‘Thomas Huys, M.D., physician to Mary Tudor’, Janus, 40 (1936), pp. 171-7.

Sir Hector Maclennan, ‘A Gynaecologist Looks at the Tudors, Medical History, 11, 1 (1967), pp. 66-74. Available online:

C.V. Medvei, ‘The illness and death of Mary Tudor’, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 80 (1987), pp. 766-70.

M.L. Osborn, ‘Mary Tudor and the empty cradle’, Midwife & Health Visitor, 10 (1974), pp. 313-6.

H.M. Shingleton, ‘The empty cradle: Queen Mary Tudor’s false pregnancies’, ACOG Clinical Review, 8, 3 (2003), pp. 14-6.