Ambassadors at Mary’s court

Simon Renard by an unknown artist, c.1553. Renard served as Charles V’s representative at the English court from June 1553 to September 1555.


E. H. Harbison, ‘French intrigue at the court of Queen Mary’, American Historical Review, 45, 3 (1940), pp. 533-51.

  • Rival ambassadors at the court of Queen Mary (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1940).


Recommendation – for information on ambassadors at the court of Henry VIII, see:

Luke MacMahon, ‘The Ambassadors of Henry VIII: The Personnel of English Diplomacy, c.1500-c.1550’ (PhD., University of Kent, 1999).

Which can be downloaded from EThOS